The Camisea project is a natural gas development in South-East Peru, which was initiated in 1981 when the Peruvian Government signed oil contracts with Royal Dutch Shell for an area covering 7,700 square miles. The project has always been controversial and remains so due to the threats it poses to indigenous people and wildlife. Today, it is run by a consortium of oil and gas companies, who are planning to expand the fields further into the rainforest and into some parts of Manu National Park. This though has been met by strong opposition, including demands made by the UN to the Peruvian government to suspend the planned expansions.
Digging further into the Amazonian rainforest opens up the scope for more disruption of the ecosystem – it provides loggers with greater access, and exposes uncontacted tribes to threats. The short-term economic returns are far outweighed by the long-term costs to destroying one of our last remaining primary rainforests.